PIETRONERO LUCIANO

Professore Ordinario 
Settore scientifico disciplinare di riferimento  (FIS/03)
Ateneo Università degli Studi di ROMA "La Sapienza" 
Struttura di afferenza Dipartimento di FISICA 
Recapiti Elenco recapiti telefonici

Orari di ricevimento

Martedì e Giovedì dalle 15.00 alle 17.00

Curriculum

Born in Roma on 15/12/1949, married, two sons
Professional positions
1971 Nov. Laurea in Physics, Univ. of Roma (110+L).
1972-73 CNR fellowship, Univ of Roma and Orsay (F).
1974-75 Xerox Webster Research Center, N.Y. USA; Associate Scientist.
1975-83 Brown Boveri Research Center, Baden (CH). Theoretical Physics Group - Member of the Staff.
1983-87 Full Professor of Condensed Matter Theory. University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
1987- Now Professor of Condensed Matter Physics, University of Roma "La Sapienza"
1992-95 Director of the Theory Group, Dep. of Physics, Univ. La Sapienza
1995-2001 Director of the INFM Unit, Univ. of Roma La Sapienza. The Unit consists of about 200 scientists in the area of Condensed Matter Physics and it is the largest in Italy
2001 Founder of the "Centro di Ricerca e Sviluppo" (CRS): Statistical Mechanics and Complexity (SMC)
2001- 2003 Director (Commissario) of the CNR Institute Corbino (IDAC)
2002- 2005 Member of the Board (CdA) of the Center E. Fermi (Via Panisperna, Roma)
2004 - 2014 Founder and director of the CNR Institute of Complex Systems (ISC). The Institute includes in various forms about 200 scientists, including the university associates (in various locations in Rome and Florence).
2010 -- Fellow and member of the Trustees Board at LIMS (London Institute of mathematical Sciences), London UK
2016 -- Senior Advisor of the World Bank (Washington)
2017 -- Promotor of the collaboration between Sapienza University and CNEL for the introduction of the Economic Fitness Methods to optimize the industrial development of Italy.
Leaves and temporary positions
1982 Summer Institute of Theoretical Physics, Univ. of S. Barbara, USA
1982 Fall Lyman Lab. Of Physics, Harvard Univ., Boston USA
1999 ICTP, Trieste Extended stages
Mc Minn Lecturer, Vanderbilt Univ. USA
Ph.D and Laurea Thesis
Director of about 150 research Thesis at the level of PhD or Laurea (undergraduate) at the University of Roma La Sapienza and the University of Groningen (NL).
Leader of a generation of young scientists who are protagonists of the condensed matter theory, statistical physics and complexity science scene internationally. Many of these students are mature or young scientists who continued their scientific career and occupy important scientific positions at the national and international level in academic, research institutions and companies. Among these A.P. Siebesma (Prof. at Delft Univ. and leader at KNMI); R. Kupers (Shell Research and CEO of New Economic Metrics); C. Evertsz (Chiarman of SCiLS and board member of High Tech companies); A.Erzan (Prof. Istanbul Tech. Univ and L'Oreal Prize); A. Vespignani (Prof. Northeastern Univ. and Chairman of ECCS); S. Zapperi (Prof. Univ. Milano); M. Munoz (Prof. Univ. Granada Spain); V. Loreto (Prof. Univ. Sapienza Rome); M. Marsili (Research Director at ICTP, Trieste); G. Caldarelli (Prof. IMT Lucca); M. Joyce (Prof. Univ. Paris VI); D. Garlaschelli (Prof. at Leiden NL); G. Bianconi (Prof. Queen Mary Univ. London); F. Sylos Labini (Senior Scientist at Fermi Center Rome and Chairman of ROARS); A. Petri (Senior Scientist at ISC-CNR, Rome), A Gabrielli (Senior Scientist at ISC-CNR Rome), E. Cappelluti (Senior Scientist at CNR Trieste), C. Castellano (Senior Scientist at ISC-CNR Rome), L. Boeri (Prof. Univ. Graz, Austria and since 2017 Rome)
Publications and Scientific Activity
Author of about 400 scientific papers, mostly in the leading international scientific journals: Phys. Rev. Letters; Rev. Mod. Phys.; Nature; Nature Physics; Nature Scientific Reports; Physics Reports; Phys. Rev. B ed E; Europhys. Lett.; Physica A; J. of Physics etc.
Bibliometrics. Google Scholar: Total citations 13,300 ; H-index=58
Author of a monographic volume and editor of several volumes of proceedings.
Broad international experience in academic and industrial enviroments. The scientific activity is of both fundamental and applied nature, with a problem oriented interdisciplinary perspective. Development of novel and original views in most areas of activity.
Invited lecturer at about 200 International Conferences. Currently invited or plenary speaker at the main Conferences and Schools in the fields of Statistical Physics, Complexity and High Tc Superconductivity, among which:
STATPHYS (1989; 2001; 2010); APS General (March) Meeting (1998); EPS Trends in Physics (1987 and 1990); EPS Cond. Matt. (various); Aspen Institute of Physics (2000); International Conf. on High Tc SC (2003 and 2006); Cargese (various); Erice (various); ICTP (various), ECCS Meeting Vienna (2012), Santa Fe Complexity (2014), Conference on SC Hydrides, Orange Calif. (2017),
The recent activity on Economic Complexity has raised a large interest internationally: Invitation to the Plenary conference in Hong Kong of the Institute of New Economic Thinking (INET) funded by G. Soros, G. Stiglitz et al. (2013). RiskMinds (main international conference on Risk Management, Amsterdam (2014); Alibaba and China Complexity meetings (2013-2014); Santa Fe program on Economic Complexity (2013); J. Stiglitz Task Force on Industrialization, Amman (2014); INET meetings in Hong Kong (2013); Toronto (2014) and Paris (2015); IIASA Vienna Conference (2015); Para Limes Nanyang Univ. Singapore (2015); OECD GLOCOMNET Paris (2015). OECD Meeting on Global System Science (2016), SPIE San Francisco Conf. (2016), Sigma-Fi Conference, Corfu' Greece (2017), Economic Fitness Seminar, IFC-World Bank Washington (2017), NesciX, Hangzhou, China (2018), IMS Distinguished Lecturer LANL, Los Alamos, USA (2018)
Assignments and awards
o Enrico Fermi Prize, Italian Physical Society (2008). Main prize of the Italian Physical Society (2008)
o Fellow of the American Physical Society (1990)
o Member of the Academia Europaea for the Section B3 (Physics and Engineering Sciences) from Nov. 2011 and member of the EU Academy from 2012
o Coordinator of the CNR Panel for the unification of the INFM (500 people) with the CNR Physics department (700 people) in 2008. The present structure of the CNR Physics department was designed and implemented by this panel with the foundation of three new institutes and the reorganization of several others.
o Member of the editorial board of: Physica A; Il Nuovo Cimento D: Int. J. of Fractals; Europhysics Letters (1994-97). Guest Editor of "Entropy" Special Issue (2018)
o Member of the IUPAP Commission on Condensed Matter (1987-93)
o Consultant: IBM Zurich laboratories (1992); IBM T.J. Watson Laboratories, Yorktown Heights USA (1994); London School of Economics (2003)
o Member of the International SISSA (Trieste) Evaluation Committee (1994-2007)
o Int. Eval. Committee of the Bogoliubov Lab. of Theoretical Physics, Dubna, Russia (1995-97)
o International Evaluation Committee of the Max Planck Institute for Complex Systems, Dresden (2003-2010).
o Member of the Steering Committee of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences of the Imperial College, London (2007)
o European Research Council Advanced Grants. Member of the Panel for Condensed Matter Physics (PE3) for 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2015
o Member of the Academic Advisory Board of Collegium Budapest (2010-2012)
o Consultant of Boston Consulting Group - New York (2013-2014)
o Consultant of Royal Dutch Shell - The Netherlands (2014)
o Consultant of The Institute of New Economic Thinking - New York (2013-2015)
o Member of the Stiglitz's Task Force on Industrialization (2014)
o Consultant of the Institute for Public Policy Research: report on the status of industrialization for the UK Government (2014)
o Consultant and Co-director of the Alibaba Complexity Institute, Hangzhou Business School, Hangzhou (China) (2015-2018).
o Senior Advisor of the IFC-World Bank (Washington); 4 other members of the group have been also appointed Consultants in order to implement and adopt the methodology of Economic Fitness in the WB (since 2016)
Present Activities and Projects
Economic Complexity and Fitness:
- Applications of Statistical Physics to Economics and Finance. Introduction of Self-organization and Nonstationarity in workable Agent Based Models (2008-2010), G. Caldarelli, V. Alfi, M. Cristelli, A. Zaccaria).
- New Metrics to measure Intangibles in Fundamental Economics. This represents a ground breaking quantitative scientific approach to macroeconomics. It is based on the definition and concrete calculation of new intangible properties like the Fitness of countries and the Complexity of Products. These properties are computed from an algorithm inspired to the Google page-rank problem. For economics, however, the nature of the problem is very different from the Google case and the algorithm has to be non linear and related to a bipartite network. The fixed point of this iteration leads to a metric for intangible properties like the Fitness of Countries and the Complexity of products. These can then be compared to monetary properties like the GDP and this comparison reveals hidden information on the competitiveness of countries and leads to a completely novel perspective for the forecasting of the GDP growth as well as for the risk analysis. It leads also to a new scheme for the optimization of the growth of a country. This work has attracted great attention in the scientific, policy making and business areas and recently it was the object of a Nature Editorial:
http://www.nature.com/news/physicists-make-weather-forecasts-for-economies-1.16963
and Bloomberg Views editorial:
https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-10-01/a-better-way-to-make-economic-forecasts
The approach has been now extended to Patents and Technologies as well as the Scientific Activity. This leads to three interrelated networks which provide a large number of new information for countries and companies.
Recently the IFC-World Bank has adopted the method of EC and Fitness for its strategic country analysis for the analysis of more than 50 countries.

Main present projects (general coordination):
- Project of national interest CRISIS-LAB (PNR 2012-2019), Budget 9.0 Mio Euros) directed by L.P. The core of the project is based also on collaborations between ISC-CNR and other economic partners in Italy.
- Coordination of the EU Strep project GROWTHCOM (2013-2017; Budget 1.5 Mio Euros).
- IFC-World Bank collaboration from 2016 on specific application of the Economic Fitness and Complexity methodology.
- We also contribute as collaborators to various other European and national projects.
Previous Research Projects:
2 Projects MIUR-FIRB coordinated by PIL group
4 Projects MIUR-PRIN (Cofin) in which PIL group is the main partner
7 European Projects (EEC) of which 4 are coordinated by PIL group (underlined): COSIN (2002-2005); DELIS (2003-2006); ECAGENTS (2003-2007); TAGORA (2006-2009); COMPLEXITY-NET (2006-2009); TRIGS (2006-2009);
Among the previous projects we have coordinated the EEC Network:
Fractal Structures and Self-organization (1997-2003) which included 11 Teams from 8 countries and it has been probably the largest European Network in the field of Statistical Physics.
Areas of activity:
- Solid State and Condensed Matter Theory
- Theory of High Tc superconductivity and related problems
- Statistical Physics, Fractal Growth, Self-Organized Criticality and Complex Structures
- Interdisciplinary applications of Statistical Physics and Complexity ideas in Astrophysics and Cosmology, Seismology, Networks and Socio-economic problems.
- Economic Complexity: Foundation of a new type of Economic science which is data oriented and more scientifically based.
Chairman of STATPHYS 23 (Genova 9-13 July 2007). This Conference represents the main international event in the field of Statistical Physics. It is organized every three years and it is assigned by the IUPAP Commission. There have been about 1300 participants from 52 countries.
Responsible of the Fermi Center Program on: Complexity from the Nanometric to the Cosmic Scale (2005- 2014)
Organizer of about 15 International Conferences in the fields of Statistical Physics, Fractal structures and Self-organized Criticality, Complex systems and High Tc Superconductivity.
Co-organizer of the Study Week of the Pontificiae Academiae Scientiarum on "Science for Survival and Sustainable Developments" 12-16 March 1999 with the participation of Pope John Paul II, (Proceedings publ. 2000).
Promotor and Co-director of the Erice School Series on Complex Systems, which started in 2004 and organizes 2-3 schools per year.
Chairman of the general INFM Conference with 1100 participants (Congress Center Roma EUR, 2001).
For more details see: www.lucianopietronero.it