Professore Ordinario 
Settore scientifico disciplinare di riferimento  (ING-IND/06)
Ateneo Università degli Studi di ROMA "La Sapienza" 
Struttura di afferenza Dipartimento di INGEGNERIA MECCANICA E AEROSPAZIALE 
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Short Curriculum Vitae of Carlo Massimo Casciola
Biographic information and present position
Carlo Massimo Casciola is presently full professor of Fluid Dynamics at the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department of Sapienza University of Rome where he is teaching the courses of: 1. TURBULENCE AND COMBUSTION, 2. AERODINAMICA DEL VEICOLO, 3. MICRO-NANO FLUIDICS AND MICRO-NANO FLUIDIC DEVICES.
Scientific interests
Carlo Massimo Casciola leads a research group working on the Fluid Dynamics of complex flows based at the Mechanical and Aerospace Department of Sapienza University of Rome. The group consists of five members among associate and assistant professors, and presently includes five postdocs and seven PhD students. The modus operandi of the group is chiefly theoretical and numerical, oriented to fundamental and numerical modeling. This approach brought the group members to collaborate with scientists belonging to several neighboring disciplines, such as mathematics, physics, material science, chemistry, biology and medicine. The issuing multidisciplinary and multi scale expertise has already proved successful in dealing with such diverse problems as Aerodynamics, Turbulence, Combustion, Drag reduction, Particle Transport, Multiphase Flows, and Interfacial Phenomena like wetting and liquid slippage.
Major achievements of the research group under his guidance concern the coupling of macroscopic and turbulent flows with a micro-structure. In particular, the group has given contributions in particle-laden, polymer-laden and multiphase turbulent flows. Using Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS), significant insight has been provided for characterizing turbulent kinetic energy fluxes in wall bounded flows, where certain peculiar effects of reverse energy cascade associated with the coherent vortical structures were demonstrated to be fundamental for Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of wall bounded flows. LES is indeed the major numerical simulation tool where fundamental knowledge in Turbulence is transferred to the applications of Fluid Dynamics.
Significant coupling effects were identified through numerical simulations also in the field of particle laden turbulent flows, where particle clustering, turbophoresis and back-reaction of the transported phase on the carrier flow are crucial in a number of engineering applications including Chemical, Nuclear, and Process Engineering. This research line was awarded the 2012 Sapienza Excellence Research Prize. The detailed level of comprehension of these effects in complex flows were actually made possible by the skills developed in studying fundamental issues in Turbulence, like intermittency and anomalous scaling, subjects that were brought to the realm of engineering flows from the abstract setting of homogeneous isotropic turbulence. He also contributed to the understanding of the turbulent dynamics of polymer solutions, with application to drag reduction in, e.g., oil and gas pipelines and of the behavior of turbulent flames of gaseous mixtures.
More recently the interest enlarged to the nanoscale, and concentrated on the study of fluid motion and protein translocation in nano-pores through various kind of Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. Finally advanced MD simulation and free-energy methods have been applied to address the stability of vapor nuclei on rough, hydrophobic surfaces. The original results achieved in this field encouraged the group in extending this kind of approaches from the nano to the micro scale (thermodynamics, density functional theory, and related phase field methods for numerical simulations). The issuing research line did indeed pave the way to an innovative proposal concerning the numerical modeling of cavitation for applications as diverse as industrial and hydraulic engineering, ultra-sound medicine and drag delivery, and sono-chemistry for innovative nano-materials. This research proposal has been awarded, for the first time to an Italian Engineer working in Fluid Dynamics, with the 2013 ERC Advanced Grant for excellence research. In this context the group is also developing a novel microfluidic chip for the experimental characterization of the effect cavitation may have in enhancing the blood vessel endothelial layer permeability for drug delivery, supported by the ERC Proof of Concept grant INVICTUS, Invitro Cavitation Through UltraSound.
The research activity in a wide range of different fields of Fluid Dynamics has always inspired a strong commitment in fostering the interest of younger researchers for advanced modeling and simulation techniques. This interest culminated in the direction of the PhD Program in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, and in the proposal and organization of the first Laurea Magistrale in Nanotechnology Engineering nationwide. Among different efforts undertaken to promote research, specially significant is the proposal, organization and direction of the CECAM-IT-Sapienza node, operating in the center/south of Italy, devoted to modeling and numerical simulation. CECAM (Centre Européene de Calcul Atomique and Moléculaire) is a federation of nodes through Europe aiming at developing advanced simulation techniques that traditionally operates in the field of Physics and Chemistry. The Roma node is specially focused on extending the interests of the federation to the different fields of Engineering in order to contribute in developing and transferring to the industrial context innovative simulation tools that originated in the field of Physics and Chemistry. Recently a collaboration was started with the Center for Life Nanoscience of the Italian Institute of Technology, where he organized a Microfluidic lab devoted to the study of problems related with biology and medicine, such as bacterial micro swimming, vessel-on-a-chip and tumor-on-a-chip devices for studying cavitation enhanced extravasation.
Major research topics and contributions are:
- Particle-laden turbulent flows. Turbophoresis in wall flows (numerical, theoretical); Anomalous transport in cold jets (numerical, theoretical); Dynamics of inertial particles in reactive flows (numerical, experimental, theoretical); Clustering in homogeneous and inhomogeneous flows (numerical, theoretical).
- Combustion. Fractal behavior of premixed flames (numerical, experimental, theoretical); Fractal-based LES modeling of premixed flames (numerical, theoretical); Counter-gradient diffusion in premixed flames (experimental, theoretical).
- Micro-Nanofluidics. Molecular Dynamics for fluid-flows through nano-pores (numerical, theoretical); Protein translocations through nano-pores (numerical, theoretical); Water slippage over hydro-phobic surfaces (numerical, experimental, technological).
- Multiphase flows and phase change. Phase-field methods (theoretical, numerical); Atomistic simulations and free-energy methods of wetting processes (theoretical, numerical); Cavitation, heterogenous nucleation, bubble transport and collapse (theoretical, numerical, experimental)
- Visco-elastic turbulence. Numerical modeling of drag-reducing polymer solutions (numerical, theoretical); Dynamics of long-chain polymers in turbulent fields (numerical, theoretical); Drag-reduction by polymeric additives (numerical, theoretical).
- Scaling laws in turbulence. Intermittency in shear dominated flows (numerical, experimental, theoretical); Scale-Energy fluxes in wall turbulence (numerical, experimental, theoretical); Universality in free turbulent jets (numerical, theoretical).
- Aerodynamics. Integral representation for vortical flows (theoretical, numerical); Aerodynamics of complex wing systems (theoretical, numerical).
Free-surface waves. Numerical modeling and dynamics of non-linear water waves (theoretical, numerical).
Director of the CECAM-IT-Sapienza node (2012-2017 )
Member of the CECAM Directory Board (2012-2017 )
Coordinator of the PhD Program in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Sapienza (2007-2017 )
Member of the EuroMech Turbulence Conference Steering Committee (2010-2015)
Member of CNIS (Sapienza Industrial Nanotechnology Center) Directory Board
Editorial board of the journals Flow Turbulence & Combustion; Acta Mechanica; International Journal of Multiphase Flows.
Co-Editor of the issue on Molecular Modeling of the Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology
Senior Fellow Scuola Superiore di Studi Avanzati Sapienza - Sapienza School for Advanced Studies - (2014-).
Member of the PRACE (Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe) Steering Committee (2014-2017).

Master level courses (Laurea Magistrale)
- Micro/nano fluidics (Master Degree in Nanotechnology Engineering)
- Combustion and Turbulence (Master Degree in Mechanical Engineering)
- Turbulence (Master Degree in Aeronautical Engineering)
- Vehicle Aerodynamics (Master Degree in Mechanical Engineering)
Previously taught courses: Bio-fluid dynamics, Gas Dynamics, Fluid Dynamics, Numerical Fluid Dynamics, Aerodynamics, Numerical Aerodynamics.

Doctoral courses
Scuola Nazionale di Fisica della Materia Sistemi di Non Equilibrio: Il problema della turbolenza nei fluidi e nei plasmi, Wall turbulence and numerical simulations, Torino, 13-17 September 2004
Scuola Normale Normale di Pisa, Centro Ennio de Giorgi, Structures of the mechanics of complex bodies, Pisa, 1-7 October 2007
European Turbulence Conference 11, Tutorial on Scale energy budget in inhomogeneous turbulent flows, Porto, 25-28 June 2007
The Linneè Flow Centre Graduate School & KTH Mechanics (The Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden), Advanced course on turbulent wall bounded flows, Stockholm, May 7-9 2008
Dottorato in Meccanica Teorica e Applicata, Numerical Methods for Mechanics, March-July 2014
Scuola Superiore Studi Avanzati Sapienza (SSAS), Fluid dynamics aspects of leucocyte extravasation, March 2014
Scuola Superiore Studi Avanzati Sapienza (SSAS), Mathematical Models for Continuum Mechanics, March - June 2016
III Migrate Summer School, June 2018, Rare Events Techniques for Nucleation Processes.

Inspiring younger researchers
Among former (PhD or graduate) students: 1 Full Professor in Sweden, 5 Associate Professors in Italy (1 in Sweden, 1 Uk), 1 Tenure Track Associate, 4 Researchers in higher education institutions and research centres abroad, about 10 Post-Docs in Italy and Europe (presently), about 10 PhD students in Italy and Europe (presently). 1 ERC Starting Grant awardee, 1 Marie- Curie Fellowship Awardee. 

Funding ID
ERC-PoC 2018 INVICTUS - In Vitro Cavitation Through UltraSound, 18 months project, 15k€
ERC Advanced Grant 2013 for the 5 year project BIC - Following bubbles from inception to collapse, grant # 339446 (2.4 M€)
PRACE 2013 grant WETMD - Unravelling the Salvinia paradox: towards a new generation of superhydrophobic surfaces (31 M-hours on Tier0 Machines)
Sapienza Large Equipment Grant 2013: Cluster for advanced numerical simulation (120 K€)
Sapienza Equipment Grant 2012: Shuttle and Find Correlation Microscopy System for the CNIS SEM and Fluorescence Microscope (simultaneous acquisition at nano and microscale for bio-applications, 30 K€)
DEISA Extreme Computing Initiative (DECI-6) Grant winner, Particles in Boundary Layers in collaboration with KTH Mechanics and TU/e Eindhoven (2010-2011)
PRIN 2008, High Reynolds number wall-bound turbulence (50 K€)
PRIN 2005, Large scale structures in wall-bounded turbulence (30 K€)
Sapienza research program 2010, Two-phase flows for propulsion (100 K€)
Sapienza research program 2007, Turbulence transport, condensation and evaporation of droplet systems (80 K€)
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